Islamic Concept of Sovereignty

Advertisement - Scroll down to your content

The word sovereignty has been derived from the Latin Sopranos, which stands for the supremacy of one over others. This means that the term sovereignty is used for the highest power. It shows that sovereignty is a power over which there is no other power. When we speak of sovereignty of Allah then, we mean that Allah is the highest authority. The Islamic sovereignty can be defined as

“Allah is the highest power and there is no power superior to Allah, there is no one to share power with Allah, Allah’s authority is undivided and indivisible.

Names of Allah: The Holy Quran is the last great book of Allah. It reveals different names of Allah, which help us to understand the meaning, concept, and attribute of Islamic sovereignty. A short list of Allah’s names is given below. Al-Rabb means “Lord of the world”. Al-Malik means “Master and Owner of the universe”. Al-Aziz means “The Mighty”. Al-Jabbar means “The Supreme”. Al-Khaliq means “The Creator”. Al-Qawi means “The Strongest”. Al-Qahar means “The Dominant”. Malikal-Mulk means “The King or master of kingdom and owner sovereignty”. All these names show that Allah is independent and Allah’s sovereignty is so much so that Allah alone is Creator and Controller, or everything in the universe from heavenly bodies to air, earth, and water and even beneath them and Allah alone has knowledge of all things, visible, and invisible. Allah is nearer to man than man’s heart and his life vein. Attributes of Islamic Sovereignty: All of the above names of Allah are also the attributes of Allah and they are known as the attributes of Islamic sovereignty. Absoluteness: It means sovereignty is unlimited and unrestricted. With regard to this, the Holy Quran says, “Allah is Almighty and omnipotent. Allah gives life and causes death”. Universality: It means sovereignty covers all the aspects of man and state. In this regard, Holy Quran says, “Allah is the Lord of everything and, therefore, Allah is called Rabul-Alamin and even a leaf of a tree moves with Allah’s permission”. Permanence: It means that sovereignty is permanent and Holy Quran declared that Allah is “Hayee-ul-Qayyum”. It means that everything is mortal except Allah who is permanent and everlasting. Indivisible and Inalienable: It means that sovereignty cannot be divided and neither be alienated. The Holy Quran says that Allah is “Al-Ahad” and “La-Shareek”. It means Allah is one and no one has a share with Allah’s sovereignty. The Quranic concept “Laa-Ellaha-Elullah” makes it more clear that Allah’s power can neither be shared nor be Allah alienated from the universe. Reason well, Allah is the Creator and Controller of this universe. Originality: It means that sovereignty, as a supreme power cannot be conferred another-authority to it. The Holy Quran says that Allah is self-existing and self-subsisting, the one and only one. Allah is the Creator but Allah, Himself is not created. It shows that Allah is the only sovereign lord, king of kings, ruler of Mankind, absolute originator, eternal, and everlasting.
This survey reveals that Islamic sovereignty is accurate and true and the Quranic definition of sovereignty is mostly reasonable, appealing, and logical. It is closer to man’s nature than any other definition of philosophers and writers.