“Core values and interests can be described as those kinds of goals for that most people are willing to make, ultimate sacrifices. They are usually stated in the form of basic principles of foreign policy and become article of faith that a society accepts uncritically.” (Holsti quotes) “Core” interests and values are, most frequently related to the self-preservation of a political unit. These are short-range objectives because other goals obviously cannot be achieved unless the political units pursuing them maintain their own existence.
Currently Pakistan’s foreign policy is facing grave challenges both internally and externally given its geographic location, internal dynamics and growing international influences. In contemporary politics, the lines between domestic and foreign policy are blurred and complicated. Foreign policy is defined as the totality of the country’s policies toward and interactions with the environment beyond its borders.
Internal instability and violence has escalated in the recent years due to the on-going Taliban insurgency, increasing militancy and extremism, economic decay in the country and failure to develop democratic institutions. It has weakened the democratic process and questioned the ability of elected political leadership to achieve its objectives of a secure and stable Pakistan.
Moreover, it has failed to deliver on the economic front, starting with basic needs to improved international economic cooperation. Regionally, the tensions between Pakistan, India, Afghanistan and Iran continue to destabilize the security environment. Pakistan’s alliance with the US in its global war on terror has generated a serious and hot debate between analysts and leaders of public opinion, as both countries are cooperating without trust, using military options and conventional methods to achieve their objectives without much success.
Globally, Pakistan’s image has deteriorated as its critics term it a home of global Jihadis and extremists. Their operations and targets are not restricted to Pakistan or the region, thereby posing a global threat.
Quaid’s Statement about Pakistan Foreign Policy
The founder Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad A1i Jinah, timelessly stated as far back as 1948:
“Our foreign policy is one of friendliness and goodwill towards the nations of the world. We do not cherish aggressive designs against any country or nation. We believe in the principle of honesty and fair play in national and international dealings and are prepared to make our utmost contribution to the promotion of peace and prosperity among the nations of the world. Pakistan will never be found lacking in upholding the principles of the United Nations Charter.”